New Opportunities for Economic Growth
A total of approximately 10 acres of land will be made available for development as a result of New Haven’s Downtown Crossing Project. The land parcels were previously unavailable for use or development activities due to the former Route 34 expressway right-of-way. Access to this land presents new economic development opportunities for the City, including health science and technology startups from Yale University, while preserving New Haven’s existing neighborhoods.
Phase 1 of Downtown Crossing reclaimed approximately 2.4 acres of developable land, allowing for private investment and the construction of a 14-story, 450,000 square foot research facility at 100 College Street in New Haven. In early 2016, New Haven celebrated the completion of Phase 1 of Downtown Crossing, which culminated in Alexion Pharmaceuticals moving in to the new 495,000 s.f. med/lab office building at 100 College Street. Following a recent company restructuring, 100 College Street is now home to Alexion’s Global Center for Research Excellence. With 450 employees on site, Alexion is the largest single research facility in New Haven.
About Complete Streets
Complete Streets are designed to enable safe access for all users including pedestrians, bicyclists, motorists, and transit riders of all ages and abilities.
In an urban community like New Haven, the concept of Complete Streets goes beyond safety for different modes of transportation, and is connected to issues of health, equity, aesthetics, economic development, environmental protection, and livability, all within a specific neighborhood context.
Complete Streets design takes the approach that the city’s streets are public spaces. At their best, streets should:
- Create space for social interaction and physical activity.
- Provide a clean and attractive framework for economic development.
- Provide for the safe and efficient movement of people of all ages and abilities.
Phase 2 of Downtown Crossing will enable a $400 million mixed-use development to be constructed at the former Coliseum site, a 4.85-acre lot adjacent to Route 34. LiveWorkLearnPlay will construct an urban village with mixed-income rental apartments; ground-floor retail; public spaces; a class "A" office facility; and a hotel. The Project is anticipated to generate approximately 4,700 construction jobs and approximately 2,800 permanent jobs at full operation, creating approximately $189 million in annual labor income.
Phase 3 construction enables access to two land parcels for new development: 1.63 acres between College and Temple Streets and 1.23 acres between Temple and Church Streets. In addition to being previously inaccessible, these parcels were unavailable for use or development due to the former Route 34 expressway right-of-way. The land value of the two new development parcels will increase from $0 to approximately $47 per square foot, yielding tax revenues and economic benefits to the City. It is estimated that the entire Downtown Crossing Project could yield net tax revenues of approximately $1.434 million. Phase 1 alone has boosted the City of New Haven’s grand list by over $3 million.
Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)
The City of New Haven’s transit-oriented development initiative focuses on redeveloping the 1/2-mile area adjacent to the Union and State Street Train Stations as dense, walkable, mixed-use spaces that extend to the Downtown Crossing Corridor. Downtown Crossing was designed based on the principles of transit-oriented development with compact mixed-use development that promotes walking and bicycle access.
Downtown Crossing’s restoration of the urban street grid provides easier pedestrian connections to Union Station and State Street Stations where commuters access Metro-North Railroad, Amtrak, Shoreline East, and the upcoming CTrail Hartford Line.The project creates a walkable environment with wide sidewalks, crosswalks, pedestrian crossing signals, protected bike lanes, landscaping and active street level development, creating an environment where car ownership is not a necessity.
Restored Connectivity Between Neighborhoods
At full build, Downtown Crossing will restore the multi-modal connectivity that was severed when the Route 34 expressway was built in 1959. There will be more connections for pedestrians, bicyclists, motor vehicles, and public transit between Downtown New Haven, the Hill neighborhood, Union Station, and the Medical District.
New direct routes, pedestrian crossings and refuges, a public plaza, landscaped pocket parks, and wide sidewalks will reduce the automobile dominance that currently exists in the project area, thus creating an environment for pedestrians to travel safely, to linger, and to activate new downtown open space.The reconnected streets will reduce transit travel times and increase safety, including improved emergency access to Yale New Haven Hospital.
Streets Designed for Pedestrians, Bicyclists, Motor Vehicles, and Public Transit
Downtown Crossing is designed as compliant with New Haven’s Complete Streets policy. New Haven’s Complete Streets is a transportation policy and design approach that requires streets to be planned, designed, operated, and maintained to enable safe, convenient and comfortable travel and access for users of all ages and abilities regardless of their mode of transportation, including pedestrians, bicyclists, motorists and transit riders.
Street view of protected bike path
Downtown Crossing will include numerous Complete Streets design elements, including exclusive street-crossing phases for pedestrians and bicyclists; dedicated bike lanes with buffer zones and bike boxes; wide sidewalks; streetscaping; the first protected bike intersection in Connecticut; and curb extensions that reduce pedestrian crossing distances and that improve pedestrian visibility.Traffic calming measures include narrow vehicle lanes to slow speed and signage and pavement markings noting the reduced speed limit of 25 MPH. Landscaping, way-finding signage, decorative light poles, and pedestrian refuges alert drivers that they are no longer on an expressway, but in a populated urban area. The speed limit will be reduced to 25 MPH and driving lanes narrowed to encourage drivers to travel at a lower speed.
Consistent with City policy, the Project contributes to reduced greenhouse gas emissions and energy independence. Downtown Crossing Full Build will:
- Enhance storm water retention through natural storm water management strategies
- Reduce congestion to improve air quality
- Encourage a mode shift to non-motorized transportation
Compared with the ten largest cities in New England, New Haven already has the highest percentage of commuters who walk to work (13.6%) and use non-motorized transportation (15.5%), according to the last decennial US Census.
By enhancing safe pedestrian and bicycle mobility, Downtown Crossing is expected to boost the number of commuters choosing non-motorized transportation. At full build, Downtown Crossing is expected conservatively to result in a mode shift from 73.7% single occupancy vehicles to 65.5% therefore reducing reliance on automobiles and lowering emissions.
Downtown Crossing includes the implementation of advanced technology for traffic signals in the Project corridor. This advanced technology promotes more efficient traffic flow, reducing congestion and travel times and increasing safety. These coordinated traffic signal systems have been shown to reduce air pollution from traffic by approximately 10-15% on average.
Green Infrastructure for Storm Water Treatment
Flooding problems are common to New Haven’s low-lying coastal downtown area. To address this, the Downtown Crossing Project includes multiple green infrastructure strategies reduce flooding and alleviate the impacts of storm water runoff.The Project utilizes infiltration basins and bioswales to treat, attenuate and reduce the volume of storm water runoff leaving the area. Along major streets, the Project incorporates tree bioswale systems to filter and infiltrate water before it enters the storm sewer system. The bioswales and infiltration basin will capture and treat 5 inches of rainfall (corresponding to a 10-year storm event) from any individual storm.
Context and Cohesion with Other City of New Haven Development Projects
Downtown Crossing builds upon the expansion of the Yale University Medical District and other private and public development in the Project area. Since 2010, three major new facilities have been built within a few blocks of the Route 34 corridor and are fully occupied. The growth of these institutions is important for the economic health of the nation, not just New Haven and Connecticut.
The corridor has also seen the completion of two new mixed-use development buildings and the relocation of Gateway Community College, all of which assist the economic growth of New Haven.
Recent developments include the following major public and private investments in the vicinity of Downtown Crossing:
- Smilow Cancer Hospital (2009): $500 million, 497,000 square foot, world-class cancer treatment facility, which created 350 construction jobs and approximately 600 new permanent jobs.
- 55 Park Street (2010): Â is a 150,000-sf medical lab/office facility with street level retail adjacent to the new Smilow Cancer Center. The $92.8M facility houses state-of-the-art clinical laboratories, pharmacy services, shipping, and receiving for Yale-New Haven Hospital.
- 2 Howe Street (2010): 53,000 sf retail/office building with 24 residential units. 2 Howe Street is the first building within Route 34 to include residential units, a key policy initiative for the City.
- Gateway Community College (2012): $198 million, 367,000 square foot, 11,000 student, higher education facility located in the central business district.
- 200 College Street: Related to the growth of the medical district and the more walkable environment at the southern edge of Downtown, Centerplan College Square recently invested $55 million to open a six-story, mixed-use building, complete with 160 market-rate apartments and 20,000 square-feet of ground-level retail space. The building serves as the new home for the iconic J. Press men’s clothing store, a bank and two new restaurants.
Downtown Crossing also fits into other planned City of New Haven initiatives such as the Hill to Downtown Plan. The Hill to Downtown Plan seeks to redevelop a significant portion of an underdeveloped area into an affordable mixed use, mixed income, transit-oriented-development neighborhood between downtown New Haven, Union Station and the Medical District.
Downtown Crossing in context to Hill to Downtown
The $150 million development vision includes housing, apartments, restaurants, offices, and storefronts and revives the Hill Neighborhood, including the vacant Welch Annex School. This neighborhood has floundered since the construction of the Oak Street Connector that isolated the neighborhood from downtown.Implementation of the Hill to Downtown plan could result in the creation of 2,500 new permanent jobs, accounting for $165 million in annual payroll, as well support 10,000 construction-period jobs over the next 10 years.